- Programs and Services
One of the challenges Ontario M¨¦tis face is that not enough research has been conducted and published about the unique history and development of M¨¦tis communities in Ontario. This lack of research often frustrates individuals as they attempt to apply for citizenship within the MNO or as existing MNO citizens complete their application for Harvester Cards.
In addition, because, with the exception of some parts of Northwestern Ontario, M¨¦tis scrip was not issued in Ontario, the same historic records that document M¨¦tis individuals and families in western Canada were not generated in Ontario. Often, the fact that this extensive M¨¦tis scrip documentary record does not exist in Ontario leads many to assume that there were not M¨¦tis in Ontario, or that our communities were somehow less established, worthy of recognition or significant. Nothing could be further from the truth. This reality simply means that most Ontario M¨¦tis need to rely on different historic records to establish connections to historic M¨¦tis communities in this province. With that said, finding and understanding these unique Ontario records has been and remains a significant challenge for individuals preparing their applications to the MNO Registry.
In 2010/11, based on direction from the MNO AGA, the MNO¡¯s leadership undertook province-wide consultations on the MNO Registry. Based on these consultations, a ¡®What We Heard¡¯ report was prepared and accepted by the MNO AGA, which included a series of suggestions in relation to Ontario M¨¦tis identification and registration. In particular, MNO citizens suggested creating ¡°a list of ¡®root¡¯ Ontario M¨¦tis families that people could simply trace to¡± and ¡°a compilation of easily accessible source materials relevant to genealogical research¡± to assist individuals applying for MNO citizenship or Harvester Cards.
In recent years, the MNO has been able to secure dedicated funding to undertake work on these suggestions. The packages available for download below were developed as a part of the MNO¡¯s M¨¦tis Root Ancestors Project (Phase 1). These packages include information on some M¨¦tis Root Ancestors in Ontario, along with their Descendants, that the MNO Registry uses to verify that a citizenship applicant ancestrally connects to a historic M¨¦tis ancestor for the purposes of the MNO Registry Policy or that an existing MNO citizen ancestrally connects to a verified M¨¦tis Root Ancestor for the purposes of being issued a MNO Harvesters Card pursuant to the MNO Harvesting Policy. In order to better understand how these packages are created please review the MNO Registry Policy for Identifying and Documenting Verified M¨¦tis Family Lines.
The MNO emphasizes that the packages below do not include all of the M¨¦tis Root Ancestors who made up various historic M¨¦tis communities located throughout Ontario. A comprehensive listing and packages for all M¨¦tis Root Ancestors in Ontario will likely take many more years to complete. Rather than waiting for all Ontario M¨¦tis Root Ancestors to be researched and identified, the MNO wanted to provide these presently available resources immediately. Additional Ontario M¨¦tis Root Ancestor packages will be added as they are finalized. Please regularly check this webpage for updates.
The MNO also emphasizes that the mere identification of a mixed Aboriginal ancestry individual in the historic record does not make that individual a M¨¦tis Root Ancestor for the MNO¡¯s purposes or establish an historic M¨¦tis community for the purposes of collectively-held rights. The MNO¡¯s rights assertions and claims are based on its representation of Ontario M¨¦tis communities who developed their own customs, way of life, and recognizable group identity separate from First Nations and Europeans. Genealogies alone do not establish a M¨¦tis community. As such, these packages must be read in conjunction with historic research on Ontario M¨¦tis.
The Ontario M¨¦tis Root Ancestor packages below are the property of the MNO. Individuals and organizations are authorized to use them for the purpose of assisting applicants to apply for citizenship within the MNO, or for use by MNO citizens when applying for Harvester Cards. They cannot be used for any other purposes without the MNO¡¯s written permission and authorization. If you are interested in using these packages for another purpose please email the MNO Registry at เกมยิงปลาสุดยอดเกมทำเงินอันดับ 1registry@ เกมยิงปลาสุดยอดเกมทำเงินอันดับ 1 www.iwantfreehosting.com.
Each of the Root Family documents is very large and that due to their size you may experience difficulties viewing and downloading the documents and in some circumstances you may not be able to view and download the documents.
Rainy Lake/ Rainy River, Lake of the Woods/Lac Seul and Treaty 3 Halfbreed Adhesion Harvesting Areas (also collectively known as Northwestern Ontario/Treaty 3 M¨¦tis Community)
Lakehead, Nipigon, Michipicoten Harvesting Areas (also collectively known as Northern Lake Superior M¨¦tis Community)
James Bay and Abitibi/Temiscamingue Harvesting Areas(also known as the Abitibi Inland M¨¦tis Community)
Sault Ste Marie and Michipictoen Harvesting Areas(also collectively known as Sault Ste. Marie and Environs M¨¦tis Community)
Mattawa/Nipissing Harvesting Area (includes Killarney and Environs M¨¦tis Community as well as Mattawa/Ottawa River M¨¦tis Community)
Georgian Bay Harvesting Area(also collectively known as the Georgian Bay M¨¦tis Community)